Sergio Luján Mora

Profesor Titular de Universidad

Current use of HTML5 & ARIA among universities' websites

Sergio Luján-Mora
Actual Problems of Computer Science (APCS), 1(4), p. 7-20, ECCC Foundation. ISSN: 2299-8667.
(APCS'14) Revista / Journal


HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is the standard language for creating web pages that can be displayed in web browsers. The first version of this language dates from 1990 when Tim Berners-Lee, the “father of the Web”, published the first web page. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the international organization that develops this language since 1995. Different versions have been developed to address the new advances in creation of web pages. Although HTML5, the latest version of HTML, will not be an official recommendation until the end of 2014, there is no reason to not use it nowadays. Almost all modern web browsers support the majority of new HTML5 features. However, the adoption of HTML5 seems to advance very slowly. On the other hand, Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA) is another specification of the W3C. This recommendation addresses the lack of accessibility of many web pages and specifies how to increase the accessibility of web pages, in particular, web pages with dynamic content and user interface components developed with JavaScript, AJAX, and other related technologies. The research presented in this chapter tries to find out how HTML5 and ARIA are used in real websites nowadays. For this objective, the top 500 universities’ websites have been analyzed. The results show that the use of both HTML5 and ARIA is not really spread among this type of websites.